Γυναίκα φορώντας προστατευτική ασπίδα στο πρόσωπο για το ουρεοπλασμα
Σάμερ Νικόλαος Αλ-Αχμάρ
05.09.2023

Ureaplasma urealyticum is a term not so well-known to many. However, it is of great importance for the health of the reproductive system in both men and women. This microscopic organism usually coexists within our body but can cause problems when its numbers increase.

In this article, we will analyze everything you need to know about this often overlooked "visitor," explaining what exactly ureaplasma is, how it can affect your body, and how you can protect yourself from it. Finally, we will answer the most frequent patient question: Doctor, how does it go away?

Main Symptoms of Ureaplasma Infection

Although ureaplasma can remain asymptomatic, it can also cause various symptoms ranging from simply annoying to completely debilitating. Some women may experience changes such as intense discharges, irritation, itching, or pain during urination or sexual intercourse. These symptoms, which may seem insignificant, can significantly affect the quality of life and daily activity.

Transmission of Ureaplasma - STIs: How Transmission Occurs and Who is at Risk

Ureaplasma urealyticum is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, making it a significant issue for everyone, regardless of gender or age. However, it's not just adults who are at risk: ureaplasma can also be transmitted from mother to child during birth, making education and prevention even more vital.

How Diagnosis for Ureaplasma is Made

The diagnosis of ureaplasma is made through various tests, such as vaginal fluid culture. In women, this involves taking a sample from the vagina and/or the cervix, which is then examined in the laboratory. This process may sound uncomfortable, but it is necessary for diagnosis and the selection of appropriate treatment.

Ureaplasma and Fertility: Possible Effects

Ureaplasma can affect fertility if not treated. It can cause problems such as pain, discharges, and even infertility, cervicitis, salpingitis, threatened miscarriage, or premature birth. These effects can have an emotional and physical impact, so timely diagnosis and treatment are important.

The Impact of Ureaplasma During Pregnancy: Risks for the Mother and Baby

While many times women without symptoms do not need to take any treatment for the eradication of ureaplasma, the same does not apply during pregnancy. During pregnancy, ureaplasma can increase the risk for certain conditions, such as premature rupture of membranes and premature birth. Therefore, regular medical monitoring during pregnancy, as well as immediate treatment of any symptoms, is of vital importance.

Εικόνα του ουρεοπλάσματος στο μικροσκόπιο
Treatment of Ureaplasma Infection

Pain and Itching in the Genital Area: What to Do

If you are experiencing pain, itching, or other uncomfortable symptoms in the genital area, it is important to consult a doctor. These symptoms could be indications of a Ureaplasma infection or some other form of vaginitis. Your doctor will be able to recommend appropriate treatment to minimize complications and address the potential infection. Do not ignore the symptoms and do not hesitate to seek help.

Prevention of Ureaplasma Infection: Tips and Preventive Measures

Using a condom during sexual intercourse can protect against the transmission of Ureaplasma. Also, it is important to get checked regularly, especially if you have symptoms or multiple partners. Prevention is always the best treatment, and the more informed you are, the more likely you are to avoid potential complications.

Treatment of Ureaplasma: Therapy Options 

The most common question from patients is: how to get rid of it? Fortunately, there are various treatment options that can help you keep yourself and your loved ones safe. Antibiotics are the most common means of treatment, with doxycycline and azithromycin being the most common choices.

Treatment of Ureaplasma Infection

Treatment of Ureaplasma Infection

Antibiotic Dosage
Doxycycline 100-mgX2, at least 7 days of treatment
Azithromycin Single dose of 1-g
Tetracycline Dosage varies
Clarithromycin Dosage varies
Quinolones Dosage varies

However, treatment should not be limited to medication alone. Lifestyle changes, such as increasing the consumption of healthy foods, reducing stress, and practising safe sex, can be equally important for protection against infection.

The Partner and Ureaplasma: The Importance of Comprehensive Treatment

When a woman is diagnosed with ureaplasma (ureaplasma urealyticum), it is important to consider her partner's health. Since ureaplasma can be transmitted to men through sexual contact, if the partner does not receive treatment, it is likely to continue to transmit the infection, despite the treatment the woman is receiving.

The partner's treatment may include taking the same antibiotics as the woman, although this should always be done after medical advice. Also, the couple should avoid sexual contact until the treatment is completed and the eradication of the infection is confirmed.

Conclusion: The Importance of Being Informed About Ureaplasma

Ureaplasma is a type of bacteria that can be found in the genital organs of both men and women. It is considered a normal part of the human microbiome and is not strictly considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). However, in some cases, it can cause infections such as urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which are usually sexually transmitted.

Therefore, ureaplasma can be transmitted through sexual contact but is not considered a classic sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is more common among sexually active individuals, but can also be found in individuals who are not sexually active, which is why it is not classified as an STD.

Knowledge and understanding of ureaplasma infections can be vital for your reproductive health and well-being. With the right information and caution, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from ureaplasma (ureaplasma urealyticum) infection. It is always better to be prepared than to react, and information is the first and perhaps most important step.

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