Necessary Examination for Infertile Couples
When a couple is investigating the causes of infertility, useful tests include:
- Hysterosalpingography (HSG)
It is essentially an X-ray used to assess the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes. A special radiographic substance is injected through the cervix into the uterus and fallopian tubes. As this substance moves through the tubes, an X-ray is performed to check for any blockages or abnormalities.
The Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) test measures the levels of AMH in a woman's blood. AMH is a hormone produced by the ovarian cells and provides information about the number of remaining eggs in a woman and her ovarian reserve. Other hormonal tests measure the levels of various hormones in the body, such as FSH, LH, and estradiol. These hormones play a significant role in ovulation and fertility.
It is used to check the size and shape of the uterus, as well as the thickness of the endometrium. It can also detect fibroids and polyps in the uterus or cysts in the ovaries.
- Sperm Analysis
It is a test performed on a man's sperm to check the quantity and quality of the sperm. The test measures the number of sperm, their shape, and their movement, as well as the overall volume of the sperm.
It is important to note that these tests may not provide a definitive diagnosis and further examination may be needed to determine the cause of infertility in the couple.
Can Female Infertility Be Prevented?
Most forms of female infertility cannot be predicted or prevented. However, risk factors that may reduce fertility, such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can, in some cases, be controlled. Incorporating exercise into daily life has a beneficial role in controlling body weight and reducing stress and anxiety.
How Can We Help You?
Infertility is a stressful issue for every individual, woman, and couple, even as an idea, let alone as a reality. For this reason, if 12 months of sexual intercourse have passed without success (or 6 months if you are over 35), it is important to visit us to investigate together if there is a reason for reduced fertility. We will take your medical history, discuss your concerns, and proceed with examinations, wherever needed.
In every case of investigating the causes of reduced fertility in a couple, we recommend that couples be examined and both female and male infertility factors be sought.
The treatment and further management will depend on the underlying causes of infertility. In cases where there are congenital problems and serious diseases, they can be treated with surgical intervention through laparoscopy or hysteroscopy, while sometimes hormonal drug therapy may suffice. Assisted reproduction techniques, such as in vitro fertilization, are now at such a stage of development that they can help even in the most difficult cases.